Article No. 51

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Article No. 51


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Common Antidotes


Antidote - Overdose Pairings

  • Acetaminophen — N-acetylcysteine
  • Anticholinergic — physostigmine
  • Benzodiazepine — flumazenil
  • Beta-blocker — glucagon
  • Calcium-channel blocker — calcium, insulin
  • Carbon monoxide — oxygen
  • Cyanide — hydroxocobalamin; amyl nitrate or sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate
  • Digoxin — digoxin-specific antibody fragments
  • Ethylene glycol — fomepizole
  • Heparin — protamine
  • Iron — deferoxamine
  • Isoniazid — pyridoxine
  • Methemoglobinemia — methylene blue
  • Methanol — fomepizole
  • Opioids — naloxone
  • Organophosphorous compounds — atropine, pralidoxime
  • Sulfonylurea — octreotide
  • Tricyclic antidepressant — sodium bicarbonate
  • Valproic acid — carnitine
  • Warfarin — vitamin K